Important Project Management Question | Test 1 | MCQs: Correct Answers

Important Project Management Question | Test 1 | MCQs: Correct Answers

1. The _ is the tangible end product that theproject team or contractor must produceand deliver in order for the sponsor orcustomer to achieve the expected benefitsfrom implementing the project

  1. Network Diagram
  2. Project Plan
  3. Objective
  4. Work breakdown structure

2. The project objective is usually defined interms of the

  1. All the constraints for the project
  2. End product or deliverable, schedule, and controlling.
  3. Initiating, planning, executing, and controlling
  4. Project scope

3. The project objective must be clearlydefined and agreed upon by the

  1. Sponsor or customer and the project team or contractor that willperform the project.
  2. stakeholders for the project.
  3. Project team and subcontractors.
  4. suppliers of materials to the project

4. The project scope is all the work that mustbe done to do all of the following except

  1. meet with every stake holder
  2. produce all the project deliverables
  3. accomplish the project objective
  4. satisfy the sponsor or customer that all the work and deliverablesmeet the requirements or acceptance criteria

5. The customer requirements section shouldalso include or reference that must beused and met regarding quality andperformance of the project work anddeliverables

  1. applicable technical specifications, standards, and codes
  2. quantitative and qualitative levels
  3. audits and surveys
  4. published articles

6. It is important to document the detailedrequirements in the in order to establish aclear understanding with the sponsor orcustomer

  1. statement of work
  2. project scope document
  3. network diagram
  4. work breakdown structure

7. The _____ defines the major tasks or workelements that will need to be performed toaccomplish the work that needs to bedone and produce all the projectdeliverables.

  1. statement of work
  2. project scope document
  3. network diagram
  4. work breakdown structure

8. _____ are the products or outputs that theproject team or contractor will produceand provide to the customer during and atthe completion of the performance of theproject.

  1. Contracts
  2. Acceptance criteria
  3. Deliverables
  4. Responsibilities

9. The_____ may need to describe certaininspection techniques, testing procedures,or specific testing equipment or facilitiesthat must be used.

  1. statement of work
  2. customer requirement
  3. deliverables
  4. acceptance criteria

10. A vehicle for establishing good customer-contractor communications and arriving ata mutual understanding and clearexpectations to ensure project success is_____

  1. a request for proposal.
  2. a contract.
  3. a communication plan.
  4. the initiation phase of a project.

11. It is important to plan for _____ in performingthe project to assure that the work is doneaccording to specifications and applicablestandards and that deliverables meetacceptance criteria.

  1. quality (tentative) 
  2. resources
  3. time
  4. scope creep

12. The lowest-level work item of any onebranch in a WBS tree is called

  1. a work package.
  2. a deliverable.
  3. an assignment
  4. a product

13. The _____ shows all the individualsassociated with each work item in the workbreakdown structure, as well as all thework items associated with each individual.

  1. responsibility assignment matrix
  2. network diagram
  3. work breakdown structure
  4. project scope document

14. It is important to know what types ofresources are available, in what quantities,and during what time periods to determine

  1. that the project team will be larger than necessary to complete theproject.
  2. how to enter resources into a project management informationsystem.
  3. if the right types of resources will be available in sufficientquantities during the time periods that the project requires.
  4. that the project will be less expensive than estimated.

15. When considering the availability ofresources, it may be necessary to makesome assumptions, such as

  1. the unemployment rate in the community
  2. the ability to hire additional individuals with the appropriateexpertise in time for when they will be required to work on a project.
  3. the number of project deliverables.
  4. the type of organizational structure of the sponsor.

16. The estimated types and quantities ofresources required for an activity togetherwith the availability of those resources willinfluence the

  1. estimated duration for how long it will take to perform the activity.
  2. project scope document description.
  3. project's acceptance criteria.
  4. actual costs of work performed.

17. When estimating the types and quantitiesof resources required for each specificactivity, it is valuable to involve a personwho

  1. is hired by the customer to be a consultant regardless of experienceon the type of project.
  2. has expertise or experience with the activity to help make theestimate.
  3. has experience negotiating contracts
  4. has the most experience using a project management informationsystem.

18. The estimated duration for each activitymust be the total elapsed time,

  1. the time for the work to be done plus any associated waiting time
  2. the time for the task plus the planning time for the project
  3. the time required for the work times the number of resourcesassigned to the project.
  4. the time for the task plus the time to review and accept thedeliverable.

19. If an organization or subcontractor hasperformed similar projects in the past andhas kept records of how long specificactivities actually took, these historical data

  1. can be used as a guide in estimating the durations of similaractivities for future projects
  2. have no value for the current project
  3. should be stored in files.
  4. should be shared with the customer after the contract is signed toshow that the contractor can complete the project

20. With projects for which there is a highdegree of uncertainty about the estimateddurations for activities, it is possible to usethree time estimates:

  1. an original estimate, a petrified estimate, and a most likely estimate
  2. an optimistic estimate, a pessimistic estimate, and a most likelyestimate.
  3. an optimized estimate, a primary estimate, and a most likelyestimate.
  4. an opportunity estimate, a pragmatic estimate, and a most likelyestimate.

21. In order to establish a basis from which tocalculate a schedule using the estimateddurations for the activities, it is necessary to

  1. say who has responsibility for the first task.
  2. enter the tasks into a project management information system.
  3. select an estimated start time and a required completion time forthe overall project.
  4. edit the calendars for the resources in the project managementinformation system.

22. Earliest start time (ES) is the earliest time atwhich a specific activity can begin

  1. calculated on the basis of the project estimated start time and theestimated durations of preceding activities.
  2. calculated on the basis of the project estimated finish time and theestimated durations of preceding activities.
  3. calculated on the basis of the project estimated start time and theestimated durations of succeeding activities.
  4. calculated on the basis of the project estimated start time and theestimated durations of approaching activities

23. Earliest finish time (EF) is the earliest timeby which a specific activity can becompleted, calculated

  1. by subtracting the activity's estimated duration from the earliestfinish time of the activity's predecessor: EF = EF predecessor -Estimated Duration.
  2. by subtracting the activity's estimated duration to the activity'searliest start time: EF = ES • Estimated Duration.
  3. by adding the activity's estimated duration to the earliest start timeof the activity's succeeding activity: EF = ES succeeding activity +Estimated Duration.
  4. by adding the activity's estimated duration to the activity's earlieststart time: EF = ES + Estimated Duration

24. The earliest start time for a specific activitymust be the latest of all the earliest finishtimes of all the activities leading directlyinto that specific activity.

  1. earlier than
  2. the same as
  3. the same as or later than
  4. later than

25. Calculate the earliest finish for Task B if itspredecessor, Task A, finishes on day 3 andthe duration of Task B is 2 days

  1. day 5
  2. day 3
  3. day 1
  4. Cannot be calculated based upon information given

26. Latest finish time (LF) is the latest timeby which a specific activity must be

  1. started in order for the entire project to be finished by its requiredcompletion time.
  2. completed in order for the entire project to be finished by itsrequired completion time.
  3. started in order for the entire project to be started by its requiredcompletion time.
  4. completed in order for the entire project to be started by itsrequired completion time.

27. Calculate the latest finish for Task B if itspredecessor, Task A, finishes on day 3, itssucceeding activity, Task E, has a latest startof day 7, and the duration of Task B is 2days.

  1. day 5
  2. day 3
  3. day 7
  4. Cannot be calculated based upon information given.

28. Total slack for the project is the differencebetween

  1. LF time of last activity and the project required completion time.
  2. EF time of last activity and the project required completion time.
  3. ES time of last activity and the project required completion time.
  4. LS time of last activity and the project required completion time.

29. Total Slack is sometimes called

  1. drift.
  2. ride.
  3. float.
  4. sink.

30. Negative slack indicates a lack of slackover the entire project and the amount oftime

  1. an activity must be delayed to complete the project by the requiredcompletion time.
  2. each activity on the critical must be accelerated to complete theproject by the required completion time.
  3. all activities in the project must be accelerated to complete theproject by the required completion time.
  4. an activity must be accelerated to complete the project by therequired completion time.

31. Positive slack indicates the maximumamount of time

  1. that the activities on the critical path should be accelerated tocomplete the project by the required completiontime.
  2. that each of the activities in the project can be delayed withoutjeopardizing completion of the project by therequired completion time.
  3. that the activities with the positive slack should be accelerated tocomplete the project by the required completiontime.
  4. that the activities on a particular path can be delayed withoutjeopardizing completion of the project by therequired completion time.

32. Free slack is the amount of time a specific activity can be

  1. postponed without delaying the earliest start time of its immediatelypreceding activities.
  2. postponed without delaying the earliest start time of its immediatelysucceeding activities.
  3. accelerated without delaying the latest start time of its immediatelysucceeding activities.
  4. accelerated without delaying the latest finish time of its immediatelypreceding activities.

33. The total completion time is 25 days. Task A is planned to take seven days. Task B is planned to take five days. Task C is planned to take eight days. The tasks have a serial relationship. How much slack does the project have?

  1. Negative 5 days slack.
  2. Positive 5 days slack.
  3. Positive 17 days slack.
  4. Positive 3 days slack.

34. As the project progresses, the actual finish times (AFs) of completed activities will determine

  1. the earliest start and earliest finish times for the remaining activities inthe network diagram, as well as the total slack.
  2. the earliest start and earliest finish times for the completed activitiesin the network diagram, as well as the total slack.
  3. the latest start and latest finish times for the remaining activities in thenetwork diagram, as well as the total slack.
  4. the latest start and latest finish times for the completed activities in thenetwork diagram, as well as the total slack.

35. In addition to showing the technical constraints among activities, how does the network logic also take into account resource constraints?

  1. Activities that use the same resource may not be able to occur inparallel to each other.
  2. Activities that use different resources may be shown in a serialrelationship.
  3. The activities could be shown in a loop relationship.
  4. Resources that are unlimited are not shown in a resource assignment.

36. Select which of the following does not describe how the sequence of activities can be drawn to reflect the availability of a limited quantity of resources.

  1. The activities using the limited resources are shown in a ladderrelationship as they are available.
  2. The activities using the limited resources are shown in a looprelationship as they are available.
  3. The activities requiring the limited resource are assigned at differenttimes.
  4. If there is no technical constraint for the activities, the activities couldbe arranged serially by the availability of the resources.

37. A resource requirements plan illustrates

  1. who is responsible for which activities.
  2. the amount of labor expenses for the project.
  3. the expected utilization of resources by time period during the timespan of the project.
  4. the budget for material and cost resources.

38. Resource leveling, or smoothing, is a method for

  1. developing a schedule that attempts to minimize the fluctuations inrequirements for resources. 
  2. making sure all the resources do the same amount of work.
  3. making sure every task has the same number of resources.
  4. extending the project to have the least n

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